Taxing An Intelligent Person’s Patience

by Don Boudreaux on March 13, 2023

in Taxes

Here’s a letter to the Wall Street Journal:

Editor:

Frank Clemente asserts that “[t]he richest Americans don’t pay their fair share of income taxes for the simple reason that a lot of their income is never taxed” (Letters, March 14). Yet the “income” that Mr. Clemente identifies as escaping taxation is – his words – “unrealized capital gains.” Upon reading this line I split my side laughing. Unrealized capital gains aren’t income; they’re increases in asset values which, Mr. Clemente leaves unmentioned, might disappear tomorrow. Also unmentioned by Mr. Clemente is the fact that when assets are sold, any gains in their values are then taxed.

Struggling to cast unrealized capital gains as the equivalent of income, Mr. Clemente notes that asset owners can borrow against asset values and, by implication, use the funds for consumption. True. But every cent borrowed registers as a liability on a debtor’s balance sheet; debts must be repaid. Unlike with receipts of income, a debtor’s net worth doesn’t rise as a result of borrowing funds to be spent on consumption; the debtor simply transfers to the present spending power that is only hoped to be realized in the future and that must be repaid whether or not this hope pans out. No matter how viewed, unrealized capital gains are not income.

Sincerely,
Donald J. Boudreaux
Professor of Economics
and
Martha and Nelson Getchell Chair for the Study of Free Market Capitalism at the Mercatus Center
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030

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